Power Steering Pump Replacement – How Can I Do It Myself?
When you drive you may notice your steering is sluggish or the wheel is hard to turn. You may also notice your car is emitting a high pitch sound which Popular Mechanics compares to a moose in heat. If you notice these problems chances are you will need to replace your power steering pump.
Now before we begin it’s important to note that this is a very difficult job. When you replace power steering pump you have to access it to diagnose any problems. As your power steering pump is buried under your engine this can be hard to access. If you’ve never done a replacement before you may want to have someone who has experience doing these help you as this can expedite the process.
The first step before replacement is recognizing the problem. If you notice a puddle under your car it most likely came from a small leak from the pump, not the power steering hose. You may also hear a power steering pump noise like a squeal. If either of these describe your situation a replacement of the pump is necessary.
Next, you’ll need to find what type of power steering pump you’ll need. Many auto parts stores can help with this process as they can find the appropriate part based on your car’s model and year. This may mean you will need to buy an electric power steering pump if your car has that type.
To replace it you’ll need basic hand tools. To begin, remove the drive belt and inspect it. If it is oil stained you’re going to want to replace it too. Next, undo both pressure lines from the body of the pump and have a drip pan handy as excess fluid will come out.
From there you can remove the power steering pump and replace. It’s important to consult your shop manual for your vehicle as each model is different and some installations can be much more complex than others. After you have replaced the pump and reinstalled and aligned the belt, you will refill your system with the appropriate fluid. After several days you want to check the fluid level to ensure everything is working well.